The Report analyses to what extent the Commission’s Communication on 'Enhancing and focusing EU international cooperation in research and innovation: a strategic approach’ from September 2012 has been implemented in Horizon 2020.
The Communication stressed that global challenges call for global responses and are drivers for international cooperation in research and innovation. It also highlighted the fact that engaging in international cooperation is essential to attract talent, access knowledge and markets and thus increase the EU's competitiveness. Ensuring the openness of Horizon 2020 to the rest of the world, and embedding international cooperation across the entire programme was of crucial importance to this process.
The Report points out to the fact that almost the entire programme is open to participants from third countries with Pillar 1 ‘Excellent Science’ being the best example of how the EU can benefit from the participation of researchers form outside of Europe. Furthermore, the Report also highlights the fact that outside of Pillar 1, approximately 20% of all topics in the first Work Programmes are flagged as relevant for international cooperation, compared to only 12% at the end of the Seventh Framework Programme.
Among other things, the Report stresses the importance of regional and bilateral cooperation and points out to the successes to date, especially in the area of association to Horizon 2020 and setting priorities for research cooperation with specific third countries. These priorities have been further described in the Commission Staff Working Document: ‘Roadmaps for international cooperation’, which accompanies the Report, and are as follows:
· Brazil - Marine Research and bio-economy, food security, sustainable agriculture, Energy, Nanotechnology, ICT;
· Canada - Marine and Arctic Research, Research infrastructure cooperation, Health Research, Bio-economy, Transport (including Aeronautics);
· India - Health, Water, Bio-economy, Energy, Fusion energy;
· China - Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology, Sustainable Urbanisation, Aviation, Environment, ICT, Energy, Nuclear Energy, Health;
· Japan - Transport research including aviation, Critical Raw Materials, ICT, Energy (non-nuclear), Space research and innovation, Health, Security research, Euratom;
· Republic of Korea - Nanotechnologies, ICT, Energy;
· Russia - Aeronautics research, ICT, Research Infrastructures; and
· USA - Marine and Arctic Research, Health, Transportation, Materials research / Critical Raw Materials / Nano safety and regulatory research / Health and Safety research (nano-EHS), Energy, Future and Emerging Technologies, eInfrastructures, Euratom Fusion, Euratom-Fission.
A number of other priorities have also been identified for regions such as South Africa or countries covered by the European Neighbourhood Policy.
The Report concludes that despite so many positive achievements to date, the international dimension of Horizon 2020 needs to be further strengthened through better integration of international cooperation in the Horizon 2020 Strategic Programming and work programme development.
· Report on the implementation of the strategy for international cooperation in research and innovation (.pdf)
· Roadmaps for international cooperation (.pdf)
· Commission Communication 'Enhancing and focusing EU international cooperation in research and innovation: A strategic approach' (.pdf)