According to the proposal, Horizon 2020 will be based around a single specific programme which will consist of three separate pillars, addressing key priorities where there is clear Union added value.
The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) also falls under Horizon 2020, it will be closely linked to the societal challenges, but separate in the sense that EIT activities will be outlined in the EIT‟s Specific Innovation Agenda (SIA).
FP7 is the short name for Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. This is the EU's main instrument for funding research and development activities covering almost all scientific disciplines and it will run from 2007 to 2013.
The Sixth Framework Programme (2002-2006), was conceived at the Lisbon Summit of March 2000, when European heads of state and governments set the ambitious objective of Europe becoming the most competitive knowledge-based economy in the world with creating a European Research Area with a coordinated research policy and better integration of research capabilities.
The Fifth Framework Programme (FP5) has two distinct parts: the Fifth European Community Framework Programme covering Research, Technological Development and Demonstration activities; and the Fifth Euratom Framework Programme covering research and training activities in the nuclear sector.
FP5 has a multi-theme structure, consisting of seven Specific Programmes, of which four are Thematic Programmes: